Explore Various Types of Mutual Funds in India

When it comes to choosing the best investment avenues in today’s turbulent market conditions, mutual funds emerge out as a great investment option among people in India. But before investing, it is imperative to gain better understanding of mutual funds and its various types.

What is a Mutual Fund?

A mutual fund is typically a pool of money collected from various investors who wish to invest their money in securities such as stocks, bonds, money market instruments and similar assets. Investing in mutual funds can be a lot easier than buying and selling individual stocks and bonds on your own.

Type of Mutual Funds

There are various types of mutual fund schemes to choose from which have been classified by structure, nature and investment objectives.

By nature

Close ended mutual fund – This type of mutual fund carries a predetermined maturity period (e.g. 5-7 years). It is open for registration during the launch of the scheme for a fixed period of time. Investors can choose to invest at the time of the initial public issue and thereafter they can buy or sell the units on the stock exchanges where they are listed. In order to enable an easy exit path to the investors, some close ended funds provide an option of selling back the units to the mutual fund through periodic repurchase at NAV related prices.

Open ended mutual fund – This is the most common type of mutual fund available today. Investors can choose to invest their money in such funds anytime as per their budget and convenience. There is no limit to the number of investors, shares in an open-ended mutual fund unless the fund manager decides to close the fund to new investors. The value or share price of an open-ended mutual fund is determined at the market closing every day and is called the Net Asset Value (NAV).

Interval schemes -Interval schemes generally combine the advantages of both open-ended as well as close-ended schemes. The units may be transacted on the stock exchange or may be open for sale or redemption during pre-determined intervals at NAV related prices. Some examples of these schemes are FMPs or fixed maturity plans.

By nature

Equity mutual funds – These mutual funds typically invest their money in stocks. These funds are also known as stock funds and aim to grow faster as compared to money market or fixed income funds, so there is generally a high level of risk involved here. One can choose from various types of equity funds, including those that specialize in growth stocks, income funds (value stocks, large-cap stocks, mid-cap stocks, small-cap stocks), or combinations of these.

Debt mutual funds – These funds carry lower risk and provide a stable income to investors. In these funds, money is invested in a combination of fixed income securities such as treasury bills, government securities, money market instruments, and other debt securities of different time horizons. These funds can be further classified as Gilt funds, Income funds, MIPs, Short term plans and Liquid funds.

Balanced funds– As their name suggests, these funds invest money in a mix of equities and fixed income securities. In other words, they aim to establish a perfect balance between returns and risk.

By investment objectives

Growth schemes – These schemes provide capital appreciation over the medium to long term. These schemes generally invest a major portion of their fund in equities to survive short-term drop in value for possible future appreciation.

Income schemes – Also known as debt schemes, these funds invest in fixed income securities such as bond and corporate debentures. These schemes provide regular and steady income to investors. However, they feel slightly disappointed in the capital appreciation front.

Index schemes – These funds aim to check the performance of a specific index such as BSE. The value of the mutual fund will go up or down as the corresponding index goes up or down. Index funds generally carry lower costs than actively managed mutual funds because the portfolio manager doesn’t have to do as much research or make as many investment decisions.

3 ways to earn more money

Number 1: Get percentage instead of a fix rate. Okay, there are some situations where it can be better to take a fix rate instead of a percentage. For example, someone asks you to fix their personal air-conditioner. You would want to get a fix rate for that because your customer most likely wouldn’t get profit from getting their air-conditioner fixed.

How about if someone asks you to design their website and you expect that website to earn a lot of money because of your work? You have to appreciate the worth of your work and decide that you take percentage if that is what’s fair.

Number 2: Get jobs where you are good at. The key is efficiency. Choose something where you could be more productive the most. In this world, more productivity means more money.

Number 3: Hone a very special talent. Use this talent to be on top of your game. It’s true, nerds always win in the end.

Have any more tips on earning more money? Tell me about it on the comments section.

How to Manage Business Finances With Expert Accountant

The business finances must be well maintained to know if the business is earning profit or loss. If the business is earning loss then decisions must be taken to reduce the expenses and increase selling cost. A trained accountant help to keep track of day to day money related transactions. Business finances if not recorded in proper order can prove a difficult task to handle during tax season. It is a lot of work to keep up with every receipt, invoice, and payment throughout the year, but being organized and prepared with financial records is one of the most critical tasks.

To keep the finances in a well-organized manner plan ahead. Prepare budget and forecast the available resources and the business expenses. There will always be business issues that need to be addressed today, but when it comes to your finances, you need to plan for the future. Check and monitor the tax records for the tax season. Record day to day business transaction to avoid last minute tax calculations. If you have trouble saving for your quarterly estimated tax payments, take help from companies Ipswich who offer Tax Returns Services for preparing tax documents and return your payable tax from the government.

Monitor and measure the available resources. It is recommended looking at your company’s financial performance and using past financial statements to project future revenue, expenses, and cash flow. Having this knowledge will help you make better decisions for your business. The financial statements help to know where and how the business is performing. Is it earning profit or loss? And the available cash flow management in and out of the business. The actual financial position of the business is known. The Accountant must trace the accounts receivable and payable. Steady growth and maximal earnings are important factors in maintaining accounts.

Sound business practices require attention to a number of different areas:

To raise capital for the new or start up business.
Record keeping to manage the day to day business transactions.
Cash flow control to know how much business is having capital.
Budgeting to forecast future.
Credit management
Insurance the business for theft, loss or fraud.
Future capital for expansion.
Too many small business owners think about their finances only when it is the right time to pay taxes. The problem is that important decision points occur organically, not just around tax season. Check the bank accounts for entries of deposited and cash withdrawal. Focus on checking your current cash flow situation or reviewing your performance relative to a peer group. The important thing is that you’re making financial management part of your routine. It helps to know the budget beneficial in the long run. There are many companies in Ipswich that offer best accounting services having accountant staff to advise you on tax planning. The biggest key to managing your business finances is ensuring that you have the proper working capital. Increase cost of the selling products as the customers can pay if you provide quality and loyal services.